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COVID-19 cases among children see 90 percent increase over 4 weeks, report says – Chron.com

By Alison Medley

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  • From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,9srcsrc new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.--an increase of 9src% over four weeks, according to AAP report. Photo: Houston Methodist

    From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,900 new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.–an increase of 90% over four weeks, according to AAP report.

    From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,900 new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.–an increase of 90% over four weeks, according to AAP report.

    Photo: Houston Methodist

From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,900 new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.–an increase of 90% over four weeks, according to AAP report.

From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,900 new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.–an increase of 90% over four weeks, according to AAP report.

Photo: Houston Methodist

If you’re worried about getting your children back in class because of the coronavirus outbreak, a new report by the American Academy of Pediatrics confirms your concerns.

From July 9 to August 6, there were 179,900 new child cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.--an increase of 90% over four weeks, according to AAP report.

“In areas with rapid community spread, it’s likely that more children will also be infected, and these data show that,” said AAP President Sally Goza said. “As a pediatrician, I urge people to wear cloth face coverings and be diligent in social distancing and hand-washing. It is up to us to make the difference, community by community.”

In just the last two weeks of July, more than 97,000 children tested positive for the novel coronavirus, according to the AAP.

“While children represented only 9.1% of all cases in states reporting cases by age, 380,000 children have tested positive for COVID-19 since the onset of the pandemic,” states AAP’s summary of findings.

Most of the novel coronavirus cases among children are less severe, and do not require hospitalization, noted AAP.

“What we do know from these data is that, in children, deaths continue to remain much lower than in older age groups,” AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases’ Sean O’ Leary said. “But as case counts rise across the board that is likely to impact more children with severe illness as well.”

According to the AAP, seven states have reported 15,000 or more cumulative child COVID-19 cases.  The highest numbers of child COVID-19 were found in California, Florida, Illinois, Tennessee, Arizona, Alabama, and Georgia.

The AAP study included 49 states, New York City, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam.  Texas reported age distribution for only 8% of all cases, so it’s excluded from some of the data.

alison.medley@chron.com

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800-plus new cases in Pennsylvania as Phillies game canceled – WFMZ Allentown

HARRISBURG, Pa. – Pennsylvania reported more than 800 new confirmed coronavirus cases Monday, as fresh concerns about it spreading prompted the cancellation of Monday night’s Major League Baseball game in Philadelphia.

The Pennsylvania Department of Health reported 839 additional confirmed virus cases and four new deaths. The virus has infected more than 108,000 people in Pennsylvania since the beginning of the pandemic. More than 7,100 have died, most of them in nursing homes.

Of the new positive cases, more than 40% are from Philadelphia and Allegheny County, the department said.

In July, Pennsylvania’s 14-day rate of new cases per 100,000 residents has risen by more than 70%, from below 60 to almost 100.

The seven-day positivity rate — based on the health department’s daily public disclosures of the number of people who are newly confirmed to be positive and the number of people who tested negative — has gradually increased in July, from about 4.5% to almost 6%.

Deaths have declined from June to July, although hospitalizations are on the rise in July, according to state data.

Gov. Tom Wolf’s administration is warning travelers visiting any of 20 states to self-quarantine for 14 days after returning to Pennsylvania.

It also two weeks ago imposed a new round of restrictions targeting bars, restaurants, nightclubs and indoor events and gatherings.

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More than 200 COVID-19 cases reported Sunday; most are in Alaska residents – Anchorage Daily News

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New cases of COVID-19 reported Sunday throughout Alaska totaled 231, marking the first day the state has seen a single-day increase of more than 200 cases.

The new cases include 186 Alaskans and 45 non-residents, according to the Department of Health and Social Services. Five more people were hospitalized with COVID-19. There were no new deaths.

Of the new cases announced in residents Sunday, there are 154 cases in Anchorage, nine in Fairbanks, three in Eagle River, two each in North Pole, Palmer, Juneau, Wrangell and an area in the Yakutat plus Hoonah-Angoon area, and one case each was reported in Chugiak, Homer, the Yukon-Koyukuk area, Houston, Wasilla, Ketchikan, Prince of Wales-Hyder area, Sitka and Unalaska.

There were currently 35 people with COVID-19 who are hospitalized and another eight people who may have the virus.

As of Sunday, Alaska had reported 3,102 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Alaska, according to the DHSS coronavirus dashboard. More than two-thirds of the cases are currently active.

Twenty Alaskans have died of the virus since the beginning of the pandemic. There have been 115 Alaskans hospitalized because of COVID-19 since March.

In non-residents, 34 cases were reported in Seward, three in Fairbanks and one in Ketchikan. Seven of the cases were marked as “unknown” by DHSS.

As of Sunday, 950 people in the state have recovered from the virus since the pandemic began, although 2,132 COVID-19 cases are active.

The City and Borough of Juneau announced ahead of the state that 21 seafood processor employees tested positive for COVID-19 Saturday. In total, 61 Alaska Glacier Seafoods employees have tested positive for COVID-19 since July 14. Forty more employees are awaiting test results, the city wrote in an online statement.

The virus was spread through the processing plant by an employee who contracted COVID-19 through community spread, the city wrote.

The seafood employees are all in isolation and contact investigations are ongoing, the city said. The city did another round of testing on the 100 employees on July 22.

The city also announced 16 people tested positive for the virus unrelated to the seafood processing plant Saturday. The cases are likely due to community spread travel and secondary transmission, Public Health Nursing in Juneau said.

“It is paramount that community members remain vigilant in slowing the spread of COVID-19,” said Mila Cosgrove, emergency operations center incident commander for Juneau. “When you keep at least six feet away from non-family members, wear a mask, wash your hands frequently and stay home when you’re sick, you’re not just limiting your own risk, you’re helping to protect the whole community.”

The Anchorage Health Department announced Saturday that there was a COVID-19 exposure on July 17 at the Anchorage Samoan Assembly of God in the Mountain View neighborhood. The department advised people who were at the church on that day should monitor for symptoms for 14 days following the exposure and get tested if they experience even mild symptoms.

This is the first church to be added to the health department’s list of potential exposures. The list also includes bars and restaurants.

Cases have continued to drastically rise throughout Anchorage, statewide and throughout the country. Anchorage Mayor Ethan Berkowitz restricted capacities on bars, restaurants and entertainment facilities Friday in an attempt to curb the virus from further spreading. The restrictions also limit the number of people allowed to gather in groups.

Berkowitz imposed a mask mandate a month earlier.

Sunday marks the city’s highest increase in cases reported in a single day. In Anchorage, 958 people were currently infected with the virus as of Sunday.

[Because of a high volume of comments requiring moderation, we are temporarily disabling comments on many of our articles so editors can focus on the coronavirus crisis and other coverage. We invite you to write a letter to the editor or reach out directly if you’d like to communicate with us about a particular article. Thanks.]

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OK sees 1.2k new cases of COVID-19 Sunday – KFOR Oklahoma City

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OKLAHOMA CITY (KFOR) – The Oklahoma State Department of Health says there are 1,204 new cases of the novel coronavirus in the Sooner State on Sunday.

There have been 31,285 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Oklahoma as of Sunday, July 26, according to OSDH.

OSDH reported on Saturday that there were 30,081 total cases in the state since the pandemic began in March. That’s a 4 percent jump according to OSDH.

Source: Oklahoma State Department of Health

OSDH is also reporting that there have been no new COVID-19 related deaths in the state, and the total coronavirus deaths in Oklahoma stands at 496.

A total of 24,698 people have recovered from coronavirus since March.

OSDH has not reported the latest number of COVID-19 hospitalizations in the state, but on Friday they reported that 628 people were hospitalized with confirmed and suspected cases of COVID-19.

The breakdown of COVID-19 cases in Oklahoma counties is as follows:

Adair: 241 (5 deaths) (161 recovered)

Alfalfa: 1 (1 recovered)

Atoka: 57 (44 recovered)

Beaver: 36 (34 recovered)

Beckham: 34 (27 recovered)

Blaine: 29 (22 recovered)

Bryan: 316 (1 death) (226 recovered)

Caddo: 285 (12 deaths) (217 recovered)

Canadian: 830 (4 deaths) (662 recovered)

Carter: 255 (3 deaths) (210 recovered)

Cherokee: 228 (1 death) (150 recovered)

Choctaw: 154 (1 death) (133 recovered)

Cimarron: 1 ( 1 recovered)

Cleveland: 2,120 (41 deaths) (1,666 recovered)

Coal: 24 (19 recovered)

Comanche: 693 (9 deaths) (604 recovered)

Cotton: 16 (2 deaths) (11 recovered)

Craig: 53 (38 recovered)

Creek: 388 (12 deaths) (283 recovered)

Custer: 158 (109 recovered)

Delaware: 363 (19 deaths) (286 recovered)

Dewey: 4 (4 recovered)

Ellis: 4 (1 recovered)

Garfield: 280 (3 deaths) (163 recovered)

Garvin: 173 (4 deaths) (143 recovered)

Grady: 366 (6 deaths) (294 recovered)

Grant: 6 (5 recovered)

Greer: 78 (7 deaths) (63 recovered)

Harmon: 5 (3 recovered)

Harper: 4 (2 recovered)

Haskell: 27 (22 recovered)

Hughes: 73 (1 death) (23 recovered)

Jackson: 370 (3 deaths) (186 recovered)

Jefferson: 27 (24 recovered)

Johnston: 34 (25 recovered)

Kay: 181 (9 deaths) (138 recovered)

Kingfisher: 79 (60 recovered)

Kiowa: 24 (1 death) (18 recovered)

Latimer: 38 (1 death) (22 recovered)

Le Flore: 124 (1 death) (86 recovered)

Lincoln: 92 (2 deaths) (64 recovered)

Logan: 147 (1 death) (120 recovered)

Love: 61 (54 recovered)

Major: 22 (1 death) (17 recovered)

Marshall: 64 (51 recovered)

Mayes: 246 (5 deaths) (150 recovered)

McClain: 342 (4 deaths) (292 recovered)

McCurtain: 783 (20 deaths) (627 recovered)

McIntosh: 126 (1 death) (96 recovered)

Murray: 51 (36 recovered)

Muskogee: 333 (16 deaths) (211 recovered)

Noble: 73 (2 deaths) (55 recovered)

Nowata: 45 (1 death) (41 recovered)

Okfuskee: 38 (23 recovered)

Oklahoma: 7,621 (90 deaths) (5,973 recovered)

Okmulgee: 312 (204 recovered)

Osage: 304 (10 deaths) (254 recovered)

Ottawa: 269 (2 deaths) (208 recovered)

Pawnee: 107 (3 deaths) (87 recovered)

Payne: 614 (3 deaths) (527 recovered)

Pittsburg: 132 (3 deaths) (99 recovered)

Pontotoc: 131 (2 deaths) (103 recovered)

Pottawatomie: 300 (6 deaths) (199 recovered)

Pushmataha: 60 (42 recovered)

Roger Mills: 6 (3 recovered)

Rogers: 603 (12 deaths) (411 recovered)

Seminole: 141 (5 deaths) (83 recovered)

Sequoyah: 147 (3 deaths) (84 recovered)

Stephens: 147 (1 death) (124 recovered)

Texas: 1,018 (7 deaths) (996 recovered)

Tillman: 46 (1 death) (35 recovered)

Tulsa: 7,557 (90 deaths) (6,283 recovered)

Wagoner: 577 (20 deaths) (460 recovered)

Washington: 534 (39 deaths) (457 recovered)

Washita: 18 (11 recovered)

Woods: 14 (12 recovered)

Woodward: 28 (20 recovered)

Photo goes with story
In this photo taken Tuesday, June 16, 2020, a Washington National Guard medic wears full protective equipment while explaining to a driver how to insert a swab into their nasal passage at a coronavirus test site in Yakima, Wash. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

Although the CDC recommends patients be tested twice to determine if they have recovered, health department officials say they are preserving tests for patients who are sick.

Instead, the Oklahoma State Department of Health identifies a person as recovered if they are currently not hospitalized or deceased and it has been 14 days since the onset of their symptoms or since they were diagnosed.

Doctor hand holding positive Coronavirus or Covid-19 rapid test
Doctor hand holding positive Coronavirus test. (Taechit Taechamanodom/Getty Images/Royalty Free)

State officials urge Oklahomans to stay away from ill patients and to frequently wash their hands. Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.

At this point, Americans are urged to practice ‘social distancing’ by staying in their homes as much as possible and not going out into a crowd.

The virus is mainly spread from person-to-person, and symptoms usually appear two to 14 days after exposure. Officials stress that the most common symptoms are fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

If you do become sick, you are asked to stay away from others. If you have been in an area where the coronavirus is known to be spreading or been around a COVID-19 patient and develop symptoms, you are asked to call your doctor ahead of time and warn them that you might have been exposed to the virus. That way, experts say, they have the ability to take extra precautions to protect staff and other patients.

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COVID-19 cases top 50000 in Minnesota, affecting all 87 counties – Minneapolis Star Tribune

The statewide count from the COVID-19 pandemic now exceeds 50,000 cases in Minnesota, health officials said Saturday, and cases are now being reported in all 87 counties.

After standing for more than a month as the lone county without a confirmed case, Lake of the Woods County in far northern Minnesota now has one, according to a data release Saturday morning from the Minnesota Department of Health.

A net increase of 803 new coronavirus infections on Saturday came on a volume of about 18,227 completed tests. It was the third consecutive day of the state reporting more than 700 cases and only the third time Minnesota has reported more than 800 new cases since new cases peaked in May.

The larger daily tallies this month, however, come on a larger volume of tests than during previous peaks.

The latest numbers show 287 patients were hospitalized, compared with 278 on Friday; 115 patients required intensive care, compared with 108 ICU patients Friday. Daily tallies for hospitalized patients in Minnesota have been picking up over the last week, although they remain well below peaks of more than 600 hospitalized patients and about 260 in the ICU in late May.

Residents of long-term care and assisted-living facilities accounted for four of five deaths newly announced by the Health Department. Statewide, 1,571 people have died from the virus.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory illness caused by a new coronavirus that surfaced late last year. Since the first case was reported in Minnesota in early March, 4,889 cases have been hospitalized.

People at greatest risk from COVID-19 include those 65 and older, residents of long-term care facilities and those with underlying medical conditions.

Numbers released Saturday show health care workers have accounted for 5,882 cases statewide, a one-day increase of 49 cases. A total of 43,625 Minnesotans who were infected with the novel coronavirus no longer need to be in isolation, an increase of 743 patients over Friday’s data release.

The state continues to see a decline in congregate care facilities publicly identified with at least one COVID-19 case among residents or staff. Whereas the state last week listed 164 facilities with cases, the tally is now 159 facilities, according to a Friday update.

This month, the Health Department started removing from its public list facilities that have not reported a new exposure for a minimum of 28 days. In late June, the Health Department listed cases in at least 337 facilities. State officials release names only for facilities with at least 10 residents.

Health problems that increase COVID-19 risks range from lung disease and serious heart conditions to severe obesity and diabetes. People undergoing treatment for failing kidneys also run a greater risk, as do those with cancer and other conditions where treatments suppress immune systems.

Most patients with COVID-19 don’t need to be hospitalized. The illness usually causes mild or moderate sickness; studies suggest that up to 45% of those who are infected won’t have symptoms.

Most numbers published Saturday morning cover the 24-hour period ending at 4 p.m. Friday.

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As U.S. coronavirus cases surpass 4 million, more than 150 medical experts and others sign letter urging country to shut down – KTLA Los Angeles

As the US hit a sobering 4 million cases of Covid-19 and the rising daily rate of confirmed cases and hospitalizations suggest the virus is far from under control, medical experts are urging political leaders to shut down the country and start over to contain the pandemic.

At least 4,038,748 coronavirus cases and 144,304 deaths have been recorded in the United States, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. As the numbers climb, more than 150 prominent US medical experts, scientists, teachers, nurses and others have signed a letter to political leaders urging them to shut down the country and start over to contain the surging coronavirus pandemic.

“Right now we are on a path to lose more than 200,000 American lives by November 1st. Yet, in many states people can drink in bars, get a haircut, eat inside a restaurant, get a tattoo, get a massage, and do myriad other normal, pleasant, but non-essential activities,” the letter said.

Coronavirus is set to become a leading cause of death in the US, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mortality statisticians told CNN via email Thursday.

Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates also sounded the alarm Thursday during a CNN coronavirus town hall.

“Infection rates in the US are deeply troubling because the summer, when it’s warmer, when people are outdoors more, actually it’s easier to reduce the infection than it’s going to be out in the fall,” said Gates, who is helping fund the development of coronavirus vaccine efforts through his Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. “So we’re in a very tough situation.”

How states are handling major outbreaks

Cases are starting to plateau in the four states that have seen large increases, Dr. Deborah Birx, the White House Coronavirus Task Force coordinator, said Friday.

“We’re already starting to see some plateauing in these critical four states that have suffered under the last four weeks — so Texas, California, Arizona and Florida, those major metros and throughout their counties.” Birx said on NBC’s “Today” show.

Birx compared what’s been going on in these states to the outbreak in New York in the spring, adding “it’s very serious and it’s very real.”

A judge in Starr County, Texas, issued a shelter-at-home order until August 11. It went into effect Friday morning.

The order also encourages non-essential businesses to stop all activities that may not be provided by curbside, drive-through or take-out services.

Starr County, along the US-Mexico border, includes Rio Grande City.

States across the country are struggling with local outbreaks.

New Mexico, Hawaii and Missouri all reported records for new daily cases Thursday.

For the fourth straight day, Los Angeles County reported more than 2,000 additional confirmed cases, Health Officer Muntu Davis announced in a news briefing.

And officials in Alaska have begun isolating, monitoring and caring for 96 employees of a seafood processing plant in Seward, according to a news release from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. CNN has reached out to the company, OBI Seafoods, for comment.

Citing an increasing rate of transmission, Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announced the state is tightening restrictions on restaurants, bars, fitness centers, movie theaters, weddings and funerals.

“If we let the virus get even more control, it will have an even more devastating impact over the long term in our economy, and certainly in our health, and the very lives of our loved ones,” he said at a news conference.

Where the new school year stands

The resurgence in cases, and likely ongoing presence of the virus, has ignited debate about how to proceed with the new school year.

Vice President Mike Pence is in Indianapolis on Friday. He’s expected to participate in a roundtable discussion about reopening schools, according to his official schedule.

Indiana has reported almost 60,000 cases and at least 2,880 deaths.

New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced Thursday that the state will delay in-person learning through at least Labor Day as cases break records in the state.

By contrast, Tennessee Gov. Bill Lee said his state will introduce a plan to reopen schools Tuesday.

“Our kids need to be in school because kids not only academically are suffering, emotionally, mental health. … There are a number of working families who need for their children to be in school so they can continue to work. There’s a lot of reasons why schools can be and should be open. So long as we do that in a way that protects teachers and protects students at the same time we believe we can do,” Lee said.

New guidance from the CDC is strongly in favor of sending students back to the classroom, saying that available evidence shows that coronavirus does not possess as great a risk to children. With the services and instruction offered in school, the CDC guidance said virtual learning can be a disadvantage to American students.

“It can lead to severe learning loss, and the need for in-person instruction is particularly important for students with heightened behavioral needs,” the CDC statement said.

Learning more on risks to mothers and infants

Researchers are still learning how the virus impacts certain groups, with results sometimes changing earlier guidance.

New guidance from the American Academy of Pediatrics released Wednesday said that mothers infected with the virus can safely stay in the same room as their newborns if safety measures are taken.

“What we now know is the risk of the newborn becoming infected around the time of birth is low when safety precautions are taken to protect the baby,” said lead author of the guidance Dr. Karen Puopolo in a statement. “In fact, the risk in the short-term appears to be no greater if mother and infant room-in together using infection control measures compared to physical separation of the infant in a room separate from the mother.”

A study published Thursday in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health supported that guidance.

Researchers reported no cases of viral transmission among 120 babies born to 116 Covid-positive mothers, even when both shared a room and the mothers breastfed.

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Live Coronavirus Cases Updates – The New York Times

The number of deaths in the country is increasing, and more than half the states have enacted mask orders. Brazil surpasses 2 million total cases, and India has hit a million.

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Senate Republicans plan to propose sweeping liability protections for businesses, schools, hospitals, charities, government agencies and front-line medical workers as a centerpiece of the next round of coronavirus relief.

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Credit…Callaghan O’Hare for The New York Times

State and local leaders issue grim warnings as U.S. cases shatter records and deaths rise.

State and local leaders issued dire warnings on Thursday as new case reports in the United States surged above 75,000 nationwide for the first time and as deaths continued to trend upward.

“If you do the math, it is easy to see why the alarm,” said Barbara Ferrer, the public health director in Los Angeles County, Calif. With community spread rampant, she warned that the more than 4,000 new cases the county registered on Thursday “could lead to over 18,000 infected people in a few weeks.”

“And this is just from one day of new cases,” Dr. Ferrer said. “Without aggressive action on the part of every person, we will not get back to slowing the spread.”

More than 75,600 cases were reported on Thursday, according to a New York Times database, the 11th time in the past month that the U.S. daily record was broken. The previous single-day record, 68,241 cases, was announced last Friday.

The number of daily cases has more than doubled since June 24, when the country registered 37,014 cases after a lull in the outbreak had kept the previous record, 36,738, standing for two months. Daily virus fatalities had decreased slightly until last week, when they began rising again.

Four states — Idaho, Nevada, Oregon and Texas — set single-day case records on Thursday. And three states set single-day death records on Thursday — Florida, South Carolina and Texas — with Florida and Texas alone combining for more than 300.

Seven others reached death records this week: Alabama, Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Utah. Many of the states that reopened early are the ones seeing the biggest increases, while New York, the country’s hardest-hit city, has seen a 64 percent drop since June 1.

United States ›

On July 16

14-day change

Trend

New cases

75,671

+42%

New deaths

949

+42%

Where cases are rising fastest

Public health experts have pointed to a few factors that help explain why the death count was initially flat. Treatment has improved and young people, who are less likely to die from Covid-19, make up a larger share of new cases.

Additionally, more widespread testing means cases are caught sooner, on average. That means that the lag between diagnosis and death would be longer than in March, when tests were in critically short supply.

In Kentucky, where the daily case average reached its highest point earlier this week, Gov. Andy Beshear warned that the grim circumstances in Arizona, Florida and Texas could soon materialize there.

“We are seeing state after state not just facing escalating cases, but facing devastation,” said Mr. Beshear, whose state reported a record number of children under age 5 testing positive. He added: “When you put up record numbers of cases, while our hospitals are working really hard, we will see more death.”

Listen to ‘The Daily’: Tilly Remembers Her Grandfather

More than 130,000 Americans have died from the coronavirus. One of them was Craig Breimhorst.

Where are Americans wearing masks? Check our map.

Mask use is high in the Northeast and the West, and lower in the Plains and parts of the South.

Face coverings are widely worn in the District of Columbia, but there are sections of the suburbs in both Maryland and Virginia where norms seem to be different. In St. Louis and its western suburbs, mask use seems to be high. But across the Missouri River, it falls.

This information is charted in a New York Times map of the United States that shows the odds of whether, if you encountered five people in a given area, all of them would be wearing masks. The data comes from a large number of interviews conducted by the survey firm Dynata.

As cases have soared, cities and more than half of the states are issuing mask requirements to try to stop the spread. Gov. Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas, a Republican, announced a face covering requirement on Thursday, after previously taking a more hands-off approach. Gov. Jared Polis of Colorado, a Democrat, also issued a mask order on Thursday, after questioning whether such a mandate would be enforceable.

But there remains firm resistance in many circles, including from some Republican leaders who view mask requirements as a threat to personal liberty.

Gov. Brian Kemp of Georgia, who announced this week that he was suspending all local mask mandates, filed a lawsuit on Thursday challenging the authority of leaders in Atlanta to require masks inside their city’s limits.

The variations of mask use across the country may also reflect local idiosyncrasies. Elizabeth Dorrance Hall, an assistant professor of communications at Michigan State University, cited peer pressure: If most everyone is wearing a mask, reluctant people may go along. If few people are, that can influence behavior, too.

Despite these variations, and despite the flare-ups over the issue that pepper social media, the rates of self-reported mask use in the United States are high. Several national surveys in recent weeks have found that around 80 percent of Americans say they wear masks frequently or always when they expect to be within six feet of other people.

India hits a million cases in a surge that has forced a return to lockdowns.

Image

Credit…Rafiq Maqbool/Associated Press

India surpassed a million confirmed infections and 25,000 deaths on Friday, weeks after the government lifted a nationwide lockdown in hopes of getting the economy up and running.

In March, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government was one of the first to impose a national lockdown to slow the pandemic. But that drove many migrant workers out of crowded cities and back to their home villages, where some of them spread the virus.

The lockdown came at a steep economic cost, and Mr. Modi lifted it last month. Now India is recording about 30,000 new cases a day, almost three times as many as a month ago, and with testing still sparse, the true figure is likely to be much higher.

Critics say that Mr. Modi imposed the lockdown before it was needed, then lifted it too soon. In his defense, he has pointed to wealthier countries where the official death toll has been 20 to 50 times as high, relative to the size of their populations, as in India.

Regardless, India now ranks third in the world — behind only the United States and Brazil — in both total infections and the number of new ones recorded each day.

The rate of new cases in India is on track to soon overtake Brazil, which surpassed two million cases on Thursday but where the spread of the virus has leveled off. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology estimate that by the end of next year, India will have the worst outbreak in the world.

“We have paid a price for laxity,” said K. Srinath Reddy, president of the Public Health Foundation of India, a nonprofit organization of public health experts and academics.

The C.D.C. delays school reopening guidelines until the end of July.

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Credit…Audra Melton for The New York Times

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will not release its guidance for reopening schools this week as expected, the latest turn in a clash between President Trump and the disease control centers over how — and whether — students should return to the classroom in the fall as coronavirus pandemic rages.

“C.D.C.’s Reopening Schools Safely documents will not be released this week; instead the full set will be published before the end of the month,” an agency spokesman said in a statement. “These science- and evidence-based resources and tools will provide additional information for administrators, teachers and staff, parents, caregivers and guardians, as together we work towards the public health-oriented goal of safely opening schools this fall.”

News of the delay was first reported by N.P.R. Earlier this month, Mr. Trump — who has been insistent that schools reopen in the fall — clashed with the C.D.C. over its proposed guidelines as “very tough and expensive” and demanded that they be revised. A copy of the draft rules to which Mr. Trump apparently objected, outlined in a document obtained by The New York Times and marked “For Internal Use Only,” warned that fully reopening schools remained “the highest risk” for spreading coronavirus.

Video

transcript

transcript

‘The Science Should Not Stand in the Way,’ McEnany Says of Reopening Schools

The White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, said President Trump wants schools to reopen despite the rise in coronavirus cases.

Now the president has said unmistakably that he wants schools to open. And I was just in the Oval talking him about that. And when he says open, he means open and full. Kids being able to attend each and every day at their school. The science should not stand in the way of this. And as Dr. Scott Atlas said — I thought this was a good quote — “Of course, we can do it. Everyone else in the Western world, our peer nations, are doing it. We are the outlier here.” The science is very clear on this, that, for instance, you look at the JAMA pediatric study of 46 pediatric hospitals in North America. That said the risk of critical illness from Covid is far less for children than that of seasonal flu. The science is on our side here. And we encourage for localities and states to just simply follow the science — open our schools. It’s very damaging to our children. There is a lack of reporting of abuse, there’s mental depressions that are not addressed, suicidal ideations that are not addressed when students are not in school. Our schools are extremely important. They’re essential and they must reopen.

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The White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, said President Trump wants schools to reopen despite the rise in coronavirus cases.CreditCredit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

The White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, on Thursday reiterated President Trump’s view that schools must open in the fall. “When he says open,” she said, “he means open and full, kids being able to attend each and every day at their school. The science should not stand in the way of this.”

Republicans will propose liability protection for businesses, schools and hospitals in the next aid bill.

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Credit…Bryan Denton for The New York Times

Senate Republicans plan next week to propose sweeping liability protections for businesses, schools, hospitals, charities, government agencies and front-line medical workers trying to navigate the coronavirus pandemic.

The plan, which Republicans have said must be the centerpiece of the next round of coronavirus relief, would bar employees and patients who became infected with the virus at work or injured during treatment from suing employers or health care providers except in cases of “gross negligence or intentional misconduct.”

It would move the jurisdiction of negligence cases into the federal courts, cap potential damages and set a high burden of proof for those suing. Other changes would protect employers from agency investigations and liability for injuries caused by workplace coronavirus testing.

The New York Times obtained a copy of a summary of the plan, written with Senator John Cornyn of Texas. Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, has billed the protections as vital to reopening the economy and insisted he will not advance any additional relief legislation unless they are included.

“Nobody should have to face an epidemic of lawsuits on the heels of the pandemic that we already have related to the coronavirus,” Mr. McConnell told reporters this week.

Democrats have taken the opposite approach, proposing new protections for workers facing increased health and safety risks, rather than for employers. They are likely to oppose Mr. McConnell’s proposal outright, potentially snarling broader talks that begin in earnest next week over how to prop up the sputtering economy and the nation’s straining health care system.

Speaker Nancy Pelosi said this week that the Republicans’ proposal “just isn’t fair” to workers, and said Democrats would be insisting on increasing the standards for workplace protections under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Elsewhere in the United States:

  • New York City’s mayor said “we are moving forward” with easing some restrictions on Monday, but said that state officials would make a formal announcement later. The mayor said some outdoor businesses could reopen, like botanical gardens and zoos, but that several indoor activities would not.

  • In Puerto Rico, where the situation has been steadily worsening after promising early signs of containment, Gov. Wanda Vázquez rolled back part of the economic opening on Thursday. Beginning on Friday restaurants were again required to operate at half capacity. Alcohol sales will be banned after 7 p.m. Bars, theaters, nightclubs, casinos, gyms and marinas have to close. Beach access will be allowed only for people engaged in physical activity.

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Boris Johnson says Britain could reach a ‘significant return to normality’ by Christmas.

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Prime Minister Boris Johnson set guidelines Friday to ease lockdown restrictions, but he warned that life will not be normal until November at the earliest.CreditCredit…Andrew Parsons/EPA, via Shutterstock

Prime Minister Boris Johnson outlined a road map on Friday to ease lockdown restrictions in Britain and to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the coming months, as he warned that there won’t be any “significant return to normality” until November at the earliest, and “possibly in time for Christmas.”

All schools in England will reopen in September, Mr. Johnson said at a news conference from Downing Street, and concert halls and theaters might welcome visitors again in the fall, as well as stadiums. Indoor gyms and pools will also be allowed to reopen by the end of July.

Nightclubs and indoor playgrounds will remain closed, and wedding receptions will remain limited to 30 people, Mr. Johnson said, as the authorities toe the line between what may be possible, and what won’t be. Local authorities will also be granted extended powers to enforce local lockdowns when areas face an uptick in virus cases. Leicester, in central England, has seen one in recent weeks.

“I know some will say this plan is too optimistic, that the risks are too great and that we won’t overcome the virus in time,” said Mr. Johnson, who warned that all measures were optional and could be pulled back at any time.

With at least 45,000 deaths, Britain has been one of the worst-hit countries in the world, and the authorities have announced that masks will be required in shops and supermarkets starting next week. Pubs and restaurants reopened in England and Wales earlier this month, and Mr. Johnson said the authorities would gradually encourage employees to go back to offices, and may not warn against taking public transportation anymore.

Britain should “hope for the best,” Mr. Johnson said, but “plan for the worst.”

In other news around the world:

  • Japan has asked the U.S. military to quarantine all of its personnel arriving at American bases in Japan for two weeks and then test them for the coronavirus, the country’s defense minister, Taro Kono, said on Friday. There has been an outbreak of cases on U.S. military bases on the island of Okinawa.

  • European Union leaders are meeting to negotiate a massive economic aid package. The major sticking point is how much latitude to give those countries receiving the aid. The talks in Brussels are the first time that E.U. leaders have held an in-person meeting since the start of the pandemic.

  • The residents of Barcelona, Spain, were told on Friday to stay indoors in order to help contain a new coronavirus outbreak in the Catalonia region in the northeastern part of the country. The authorities also announced a ban on outdoor gatherings of 10 people or more in Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia.

  • In Australia, the state of Victoria reported 428 new cases on Friday, another single-day record. “We are in the fight of our lives,” Victoria’s health minister, Jenny Mikakos, told reporters in Melbourne, the locked-down state capital.

  • The authorities in the Philippines said that foreigners with long-term visas could begin entering the country in August, for the first time since March. They will be quarantined, monitored and tested.

  • Queen Elizabeth II will confer a knighthood on Tom Moore, the 100-year-old British Army veteran who raised $40 million for Britain’s National Health Service by walking 100 laps of his garden in the spring. Friday’s ceremony, to be held outside Windsor Castle, will be only the second time the queen has emerged from seclusion since March 19, when she left Buckingham Palace as the coronavirus bore down on London.

  • A 27-year-old woman in Tunisia was found guilty of “inciting hatred between religions” and sentenced to six months in jail and a $700 fine after she shared another Facebook user’s post about the coronavirus that mimicked Quranic iconography.

China is offering unproven vaccine candidates to workers at state-owned companies and the armed forces.

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Credit…Zhang Yuwei/Xinhua, via Associated Press

The offer to employees at the state-owned oil giant was compelling: Be among the first in China to receive a coronavirus vaccine.

The employees at PetroChina could use one of two vaccines “for emergency use” to protect themselves when working overseas as part of China’s ambitious infrastructure program, according to a copy of the notice, which was reviewed by The New York Times. They would effectively be guinea pigs for testing the unproven vaccines outside official clinical trials.

The offer was backed by the government. It stressed that data from clinical trials showed that the products, both made by Sinopharm, were safe. It did not mention the possible side effects or warn against the false sense of security from taking a vaccine that had not been approved by regulators.

“I don’t think this is right ethically,” said Joan Shen, the Shanghai-based chief executive of the pharmaceutical firm I-Mab Biopharma.

The unorthodox move, to test people separately from the normal regulatory approval process, reflects the formidable challenge facing China as it races to develop the world’s first coronavirus vaccine.

Eager to find a long-term solution to the outbreak and burnish their scientific credentials, Chinese companies are rushing to get as much data as possible on their vaccines to prove they are safe and effective. In China, they are selectively testing their vaccines on small pools of people like the PetroChina employees — an approach that does not count toward the regulatory process but that could bolster their own confidence in the vaccines.

Learn about 20 of the most talked-about possible coronavirus treatments with this new tracking tool.

Companies and researchers worldwide are rushing to test hundreds of possible treatments meant to prevent or quell coronavirus infections. Some they hope will block the virus itself, nipping a burgeoning infection in the bud, while others are aimed at mimicking the immune system or quieting an overactive immune response.

The New York Times is cataloging some of the most talked-about drugs, devices and therapies in a new tracker that summarizes the evidence for and against each proposed treatment. The tracker includes 20 treatments so far; five have strong evidence of efficacy, three are pseudoscience, and the rest fall somewhere in between.

Israel’s government, under fire for its management of the crisis, tightens restrictions.

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Credit…Amir Levy/Getty Images

The Israeli government announced new coronavirus restrictions on Friday as the number of cases in the country continued to swell and the government faced further criticism for its handling of the pandemic.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office and the Health Ministry said in a statement that gyms would be closed and almost all restaurants would be limited to takeout and delivery services, starting at 5 p.m. on Friday.

Beaches, they said, would be inaccessible during most of the weekends, starting July 24.

The new restrictions come after Israel reimposed other measures to stem the spread of the virus last week.

Since late June, infections in Israel have soared. The nation is averaging more than 1,500 cases a day, up from 664 two weeks ago, and unemployment stands at more than 20 percent.

In the past several weeks, Mr. Netanyahu’s government has come under sharp criticism for its management of the virus crisis, especially its economic fallout. Last Saturday, thousands of Israelis rallied in Tel Aviv to protest the government’s handling of the pandemic’s economic fallout.

Deluged by mail-in ballots because of the pandemic, New York State is swimming in uncounted votes.

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Credit…Victor J. Blue for The New York Times

More than three weeks after the New York State primaries, election officials have not counted an untold number of mail-in absentee ballots, leaving numerous closely watched races unresolved, including three key Democratic congressional contests.

The absentee ballot count — greatly inflated this year because the state expanded the vote-by-mail option because of the pandemic — has been painstakingly slow, and hard to track, with no running account of the vote totals available.

The delays in New York’s primaries raise huge concerns about how the state will handle the general election in November and may offer a cautionary note for other states as they weigh whether to embrace, and how to implement, a vote-by-mail system.

The primary reason for the delays is the sheer number of absentee ballots: In New York City, 403,203 ballots were mailed for the June primary; as a comparison, just 76,258 absentee and military ballots were counted in the 2008 general election, when Barack Obama was elected president.

But other factors also have played a part.

Election officials said they were left scrambling when Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo decided in late April to send absentee ballot applications to every registered voter; a May court decision that reinstituted a June presidential primary also complicated matters.

Reporting was contributed by Lilia Blaise, Troy Closson, Nicholas Fandos, Manny Fernandez, Luis Ferré-Sadurní, Jeffrey Gettleman, Erin Griffith, Josh Katz, Mark Landler, Lauren Leatherby, Jesse McKinley, Sarah Mervosh, Jennifer Miller, Raphael Minder, Azi Paybarah, Elian Peltier, Kevin Quealy, Adam Rasgon, Motoko Rich, Campbell Robertson, Margot Sanger-Katz, Mariana Simões, Karan Deep Singh, Mitch Smith, Kaly Soto, Matina Stevis-Gridneff, Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Eileen Sullivan and Sui-Lee Wee.

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Coronavirus Cases Set Daily Records in U.S., India – The Wall Street Journal

U.S. coronavirus infections set another daily record with continued surges in Southern and Western states as officials weighed further restrictions to slow the spread.

More than 66,000 new coronavirus cases were confirmed in the U.S. on Friday, the highest daily number since the pandemic began, raising the country’s total to nearly 3.2 million, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. The U.S. accounts for about a quarter of the 12.5 million cases reported globally.

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Cases of broken heart syndrome have ticked upwards since pandemic began, study finds – NBC News

The COVID-19 pandemic may be taking a toll on Americans’ heart health, even if they’re not infected with the virus: According to research published Thursday in JAMA Open Network, cases of broken heart syndrome are on the rise among people without the illness.

The condition, which is distinct from a heart attack, goes by several names, including stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo syndrome. It occurs when a part of the heart becomes enlarged and is unable to pump blood effectively. Unlike a heart attack, which is caused by clogged arteries, broken heart syndrome is preceded by intense emotional or physical stress.

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“The increase in socioeconomic and psychological stress from the pandemic has literally increased stress cardiomyopathy,” Dr. Ankur Kalra, one of the study’s co-authors and an interventional cardiologist in the section of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology at the Cleveland Clinic, said.

“This is not the health hazard from the virus” itself, said Kalra, who is also the section head for cardiovascular research at the Cleveland Clinic Akron General. “This is a new health hazard which the pandemic has caused because of other stressors that the pandemic has caused.”

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In the study, researchers looked at the medical records of 1,914 patients at two hospitals in the Cleveland Clinic health system from five eight-week periods, four of which occurred before the pandemic, and one from during the pandemic. Pre-pandemic, there were, on average, five to 12 cases in an eight-week period, but in the cohort observed during the pandemic, the number rose to 20.

Dr. Harmony Reynolds, director of the Sarah Ross Soter Center for Women’s Cardiovascular Research at NYU Langone Health, called the findings interesting.

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“Certainly, this pandemic is a big reason for emotional stress,” said Reynolds, who was not involved with the new research.

Lynn Bufka, a psychologist and senior director of the American Psychological Association, said the rise in broken heart syndrome is concerning but not surprising. “We have known for a long time that the experience of stress has an impact on the body,” she said.

Symptoms of broken heart syndrome can be similar to a heart attack, including chest pain and shortness of breath, according to the American Heart Association. Both chest pain and shortness of breath can also be symptoms of COVID-19.

Broken heart syndrome is usually treatable, and patients typically recover within a month or two, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Experts urged people to go to the hospital if they’re feeling sick, despite the surge in coronavirus cases in some parts of the country.

“I just worry that people will stay home because they’re afraid to be treated,” Reynolds said. “And that is, coming to the hospital is safe and it’s very important.”

Kalra expressed a similar sentiment. “When you think you need to seek care, you should seek care,” he said. “You should not brush it under the carpet just because there’s a pandemic happening.”

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New coronavirus cases skyrocket on Fourth of July weekend – CBS News

More than 57,000 new cases of coronavirus have been reported in the U.S. in the past 24 hours, setting yet another record for new infections just as the country heads into the July Fourth holiday.

Coronavirus cases are rising in 37 states, a dramatic turn that’s now leading health officials to warn the outbreak will spiral further out of control if Americans don’t stay home this weekend.

In many places, parades and picnics have been now canceled and even backyard barbeques are being discouraged. Beaches in Miami, which are usually crowded with tourists, are shut down, and the county there has ordered a curfew.

Nationwide, more than 129,000 people have been killed by the virus, and there are over 2.7 million cases across the country.

While most of the country’s traditional fireworks displays have been scaled back or canceled, President Trump is heading to Mount Rushmore to watch a fireworks show with a crowd that could top 7,500 people. South Dakota’s governor, Kristi Noem, said wearing masks and social distancing won’t be enforced.

In Galveston, Texas, officials feared that crowds would come for a getaway from Houston, where 1 out of 4 people are now testing positive for COVID-19. “Primarily we’re seeing a surge in young people who really are just not paying any regard to the risk of this,” said Dr. Philip Keiser of the Galveston County Health Department. 

The lockdowns for this holiday weekend follow a surge in cases and reopenings post-Memorial Day. 

How to protect yourself from coronavirus over Fourth of July weekend

Chris Palone, the owner of the Rail Club in Fort Worth, went rogue and opened his business in defiance of Governor Gregg Abbott’s order closing bars in the state.  “I’m responsible for 15 employees’ ability to feed their children,” Palone said. 

The Texas Alcoholic and Beverage Commission said it will have agents out throughout the state this weekend to enforce the governor’s order. Any bar caught breaking the order could have its alcohol license suspended, CBS Dallas Fort Worth reported.

“The science is clear: wear a mask, practice social distancing, and in general, outdoors is safer than indoors because outdoors there’s improved ventilation,” said CBS News chief medical correspondent Dr. Jon LaPook.

For businesses like Abuelitas Taqueria in Gavelston, it won’t be the money-making weekend it usually is, and owner Sara Asocar is fine with that.

“What do you think of the beaches being closed?” CBS News asked.

“Well the beaches being closed, they shoulda never got open — no offense to the outsiders or tourists,” Asocar said.

Traditional celebrations looking different this year. Los Angeles, San Francisco and Dallas are among the cities that have canceled fireworks. New York has been doing smaller displays throughout the week.

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