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2021 Best Colleges in America: Harvard Leads the University Rankings – The Wall Street Journal

The more things change, the more they stay the same—at least at some of the oldest, most prestigious universities in the U.S.

That’s one of the takeaways from this year’s Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings, which award Harvard University the top spot for the fourth straight year, followed by its next-door neighbor, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in second place, and Yale University in third.

In…

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These N.J. colleges are reporting COVID-19 cases publicly, even though they’re not required to – NJ.com

Find all of the most important pandemic education news on Educating N.J., a special resource guide created for parents, students and educators.

As college students headed back to many New Jersey campuses over the last few weeks, institutions were handing out thermometers and masks, outlawing parties and otherwise trying to prevent their students from catching and spreading the coronavirus.

But if students do come down with COVID-19, depending on the school, you may be able to quickly look up their positive case numbers online.

Some schools have set up dashboards where people can see how many positive cases are associated with the university, while others are more detailed and include off-campus cases, or the number who are isolating in designated dorms.

However, other schools have opted not to post the information publicly.

Gov. Phil Murphy and the Office of the Secretary of Higher Education have lots of requirements for colleges and universities to reopen this fall, but posting case numbers publicly is not one of them.

“While this is not currently a requirement, we encourage institutions to be as transparent as possible with COVID-19 updates that may impact their campus communities,” said Nicole Kirgan, a spokeswoman for the office. “Communication remains a key component of managing an emergency effectively.”

State schools with dashboards or sites sharing new case numbers include Rutgers University, Montclair State University, Rowan University, William Paterson University, New Jersey Institute of Technology and Stockton University.

Private schools with similar dashboards include Seton Hall University, Rider University, St. Peter’s University, and Ramapo College. Princeton University will also release the data weekly on its website. Monmouth University and Stevens Institute of Technology both said they plan to have dashboards but they’re not online yet, and Princeton University said it plans to release data in the next few days about the results of its asymptomatic testing program for all on-campus students or staff.

Montclair State University move in day during the coronavirus pandemic

Jamila Wright, 18, right, a freshman at Montclair State University get help from her father Fabian, right, as she moves into her dorm room on Thursday, August 20, 2020.

Patti Sapone | NJ Advance Media

The College of New Jersey, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Caldwell University and St. Elizabeth College said that they don’t have public websites listing the numbers, they will keep the campus community updated via email.

The level of detail of the dashboards varies by institution. Rowan University reported that since Aug. 25, there have been 23 cases among students who have been on-campus for any reason, 29 cases among students who haven’t been to campus, and zero staff cases. The test results are also broken down by week.

Rutgers University provides the new case numbers each week, as well as the number of tests and the positivity rate — which currently stands at .07%. The university has reported between two and five cases each week since Aug. 1, when the Rutgers football team outbreak helped the weekly total hit 34 cases.

Montclair’s website offers more detail on each case. A student living on campus tested positive Aug. 22, a day after being on campus, and the student is doing well while his or her close contacts are quarantining, the university posted. A staff member also tested positive Aug. 18 but had no close contact with anyone on campus.

Princeton University reported four employee cases and Rider University reported three employee case and one positive student. Seton Hall and NJIT each reported three cases, and several other universities and colleges reported having no new cases since the start of the semester.

The College of New Jersey does not have a dashboard, but a spokesman said nine students who live off-campus in Ewing have tested positive, and contact tracing has identified 50 close contacts who may have been exposed.

Like other schools, colleges and universities had to submit reopening plans to the state, detailing how they would reduce capacity in dorms and classrooms, ensure social distancing and increase cleaning to mitigate the risk of the virus spreading.

They also had to lay out their screening and testing protocols, which vary by university, and how they plan to assist with contact tracing if or when someone tests positive.

This story was updated Sept. 6 at 1 p.m. with more recent case numbers.

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Rebecca Everett may be reached at reverett@njadvancemedia.com. Tell us your coronavirus story or send a tip here.

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As colleges re-open, students test positive for Covid—here’s what Yale and UCLA experts say can be learned – CNBC

When the coronavirus pandemic hit the United States in March, schools were relatively quick to send students home. On March 9th, The University of Washington was the first to move to remote learning, creating a domino effect of schools across the country and causing headaches for some students. Schools such as Harvard gave students only a handful of days to evacuate campus. 

But while the coronavirus has continued to surge in communities across the country, many schools and politicians have steadily insisted students should return for the new academic year.

Now, as the fall semester begins, some schools that have returned students to campus are experiencing troubling spikes in cases of coronavirus. 

The University of North Carolina, University of Notre Dame and Michigan State University are among the schools that have been forced to permanently or temporarily return to remote learning. 

Here’s what these cases can teach us about what steps can be taken to stem the spread of the virus on college campuses: 

Students walk past Wilson Library on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Jonathan Drake | Reuters

Consistent messaging is key

On August 17, UNC announced that the school’s Chapel Hill campus would be canceling in-person undergraduate classes and shifting them entirely to remote learning — just one week after 5,800 students moved into the dorms and thousands more moved back to Chapel Hill to take in-person classes. 

At the time of the decision, school representatives said the rate of students positive for Covid-19 had jumped from 2.8% to 13.6% over the week students were on campus.

“As of this morning, we have tested 954 students and have 177 in isolation and 349 in quarantine, both on and off campus,” UNC-Chapel Hill’s chancellor, Kevin Guskiewicz, and provost, Robert Blouin, said in a statement. At the time, the school indicated it had just four remaining quarantine rooms.

According to the university’s online coronavirus dashboard, these figures have improved slightly in the short time since the announcement. 

Just three days later, the student positivity rate is down to 10.6% and the number of available quarantine rooms is up to 26. 

According to student newspaper The Daily Tar Heel, at least four clusters of infections were traced back to residence halls and a fraternity.

The school has enacted community standards in which students are expected to wear masks, socially distance and avoid large groups, but these clusters indicate that such guidelines are not sufficient in stemming the spread. 

“We do have the expectations that students will maintain their compliance with our community standards whether they’re on campus or off campus, particularly in the town of Chapel Hill,” said Blouin. “But that is something that has been very difficult for us to enforce unless there is an actual citation, or a complaint, that is made with respect to that student.”

Doctor and professor Howard P. Forman, who directs Yale’s Health Care Management program, admits that it can be difficult for schools to enforce these kinds of community rules, especially when students may be getting mixed messages. 

“If you grew up in a family that believes that [coronavirus] is a hoax, these community rules may seem like an excessive use of force by your institution and you’re going to violate them and you’re going to go to those parties. If I’m 19 years old and I want to go out and socialize and somebody says to me, ‘it’s all a hoax.’ Well, I’m going to think it’s a hoax and I’m going to go out,” he says. “This is the consequence of us having inconsistent messaging at the federal, state, local levels.”

Coordinated, crystal-clear messaging from schools, state and federal officials could help reduce these flare-ups caused by students breaking rules against large groups, he argues. 

Dr. Russell Buhr, assistant professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA says there are several additional lessons schools should learn. 

“First, unsanctioned socialization is going to happen no matter what. You can reduce it by enforcing with severe penalties, but even then it will happen,” he says. “Second, we can’t let perfect be the enemy of better. Harm reduction is a very well-established technique in public health promotion that could go a long way here. Third, without the appropriate testing and contact tracing, and without wide-scale adoption and availability of things like face coverings and masks, this will be a lot worse.”

University of Notre Dame

ReDunnLev | Getty Images

Sharing data is vital

On August 18, Notre Dame announced that the school would temporarily shift to remote learning in order to curb a coronavirus outbreak on campus.

According to the university’s dashboard of coronavirus statistics, the school has confirmed 222 cases of the virus since August 3 from 1,287 tests — a positivity rate of roughly 17.3%.

Forman stresses that these kinds of dashboards that provide the public with up-to-date information are “incredibly important.”

“First of all, they can help other schools understand what to look out for and to learn from those experiences,” he says. “But they also give people a much greater understanding of what the status is at their school and when you have to shut things down completely.”

Buhr, similarly, stressed the importance of the public data that some schools are providing. 

“The only way other schools, universities, and even workplaces will know what they should be doing is to have data. From a public health standpoint, we think of every reopening as a kind of experiment, and obtaining feedback on which infection prevention methods are working and which are not really is key to broader reopening,” he explains. “We can learn from each other and get closer to some sense of normalcy again faster by doing so.”

Indeed, colleges do seem to be paying close attention to how other schools are faring. 

Less than an hour after the University of Notre Dame announcement, Michigan State University said it was pivoting to an online-only fall for undergrads before they arrive on campus, telling students who planned to live in dorms to stay home.

In a letter to students, Michigan State president Dr. Samuel Stanley wrote that “Given the current status of the virus in our country — particularly what we are seeing at other institutions as they re-populate their campus communities — it has become evident to me that, despite our best efforts and strong planning, it is unlikely we can prevent widespread transmission of Covid-19 between students if our undergraduates return to campus.”

A Harvard University graduate wears a mask on campus.

Craig F. Walker/The Boston Globe via Getty Images

Money matters

Perhaps the most important lesson that can be learned from the past several weeks is that schools that have the resources to conduct extensive monitoring and testing of students will fare the best in the months ahead. 

For instance, Harvard University has said that the school will test on-campus students every three days. Yale plans to test on-campus students twice a week. 

These fast and regular tests will help the schools track and prevent the spread of infection, says Forman, but it’s not cheap. 

“At the current prices, these tests are very expensive. In the case of Harvard, you’re still talking about actual costs of testing that are at least $100 per student per week. And probably much more than that,” he explains, noting that the tests, processing and labor all add to the total. “Not to mention all the other things that you have to put in place to protect students and to create the environment where you can continue to learn and be safe and so on. These costs are very, very large.”

Without a robust and efficient public testing program, colleges without the significant financial means of schools such as Harvard and Yale will face serious difficulties, says Forman.

“Testing like that is completely unaffordable to most public institutions,” he says. “Institutions that have large endowments, and can afford to take a loss for one year or one semester, are able to absorb it. Institutions that are reliant on state funds, to a great degree in an environment where states are cash strapped, are just not able to do it.”

He continues, “and we’re in the worst of all worlds in that way.”

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