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reimposed sanctions

US has reimposed UN sanctions on Iran, Pompeo says – CNN

(CNN)Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Saturday evening that the US has reimposed UN sanctions against Iran, a move expected to be effectively ignored by global allies and adversaries alike.

The latest move is the latest in the “maximum pressure” campaign against Tehran — one that has left the US largely isolated. It comes after the administration failed to extend the conventional weapons embargo set to expire next month under the Iran nuclear deal.
“The United States expects all UN Member States to fully comply with their obligations to implement these measures. In addition to the arms embargo, this includes restrictions such as the ban on Iran engaging in enrichment and reprocessing-related activities, the prohibition on ballistic missile testing and development by Iran, and sanctions on the transfer of nuclear- and missile-related technologies to Iran, among others. If UN Member States fail to fulfill their obligations to implement these sanctions, the United States is prepared to use our domestic authorities to impose consequences for those failures and ensure that Iran does not reap the benefits of UN-prohibited activity,” Pompeo said in a statement.
Other countries have rejected the US’ argument that it could reimpose the UN sanctions that had been lifted under the Iran nuclear deal as the Trump administration withdrew from the deal in 2018. They are not expected to recognize the snapback sanctions.
“In the coming days, the United States will announce a range of additional measures to strengthen implementation of UN sanctions and hold violators accountable,” Pompeo said without providing additional details on those measures.
In a letter to the UN Security Council and to the UN Secretary-General, Iran urged the Council to block any attempt by the US to reimpose international sanctions.
“Given that the stated objective of the United States is to completely ruin the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and to that end, its strategy is to create legal complication through presenting unilateral arbitrary interpretations and pseudo-legal arguments, the Islamic Republic of Iran trusts that the members of the Security Council will, once again, reject the United States’ continued attempt to abuse the Security Council’s process, thus undermining the authority and credibility of the Council and the United Nations,” UN Iranian Ambassador Majid Takht Ravanchi said in the letter.
He also responded to the news on Twitter, saying that “UNSC member states continue to maintain US is NOT a JCPOA participant, so its claim of “snapback” is null & void.”
“US is STILL in violation of JCPOA and Res 2231—swimming against int’l currents will only bring it more isolation,” he tweeted.
Experts have told CNN that this unilateral effort — which comes less than two months before the presidential election — is unlikely to have an impact on arms sales on its own. Some say the move further alienates the US from its E3 allies — Germany, France and the United Kingdom — and serves to further undercut the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement.

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sanctions security

Iran sanctions: nearly all UN security council unites against ‘unpleasant’ US – The Guardian

The extent of US isolation at the UNhas been driven home by formal letters from 13 of the 15 security council members opposing Trump administration attempts to extend the economic embargo on Iran.
T…
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sanctions wants

US Wants To Snap Back Sanctions On Iran Despite Ditching Nuclear Deal – NPR

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks to reporters Thursday after meeting with members of the U.N. Security Council and calling for the restoration of sanctions against Iran.

Mike Segar/Pool/AFP via Getty Images


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Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks to reporters Thursday after meeting with members of the U.N. Security Council and calling for the restoration of sanctions against Iran.

Mike Segar/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Six days after the Trump administration saw its effort to extend expiring U.N. weapons sanctions on Iran collapse in an embarrassing defeat, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo went to U.N. headquarters on Thursday to try again.

This time, Pompeo went even further, pushing for a reinstatement by the U.N. Security Council not just of the arms restrictions set to expire Oct. 18, but of all the Iran sanctions that were terminated five years ago by that 15-member body.

That suspension of sanctions was part of U.N. Resolution 2231, which endorses the multination agreement — known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA — that restricts Iran’s nuclear program.

Pompeo informed reporters that he had just delivered letters to U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres and the Security Council president, Indonesian Ambassador Dian Triansyah Djani. The notifications are meant to start the clock on restoring the punitive measures against Iran the United Nations lifted in January 2016.

“This process will lead to those sanctions coming back into effect 30 days from today,” Pompeo declared. “Our message is very, very simple: The United States will never allow the world’s largest state sponsor of terrorism to freely buy and sell planes, tanks, missiles and other kinds of conventional weapons.”

In his letters to the U.N. leaders, Pompeo cited, among other “incontestable” examples of Iran’s noncompliance with the nuclear agreement, Tehran’s enrichment of uranium beyond the JCPOA’s limit of 3.67%, its accumulation of an enriched uranium stockpile that exceeds 300 kilograms, and its accumulation of “excess” heavy water.

With those missives, Pompeo has invoked for the first time what’s known as a “snapback.”

It’s a provision in the U.N. resolution stipulating that if any “JCPOA participant State” notifies the Security Council of significant violations of the nuclear deal by Iran, the sanctions lifted in January 2016 will automatically be reimposed within 30 days unless the council passes a resolution in opposition.

The Trump administration, however, withdrew from the JCPOA in May 2018 and then unilaterally reimposed sanctions as part of what it called a “maximum pressure” campaign against Iran.

Stepping up to the same podium where Pompeo had just spoken, Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations declared the U.S. had disqualified itself from invoking any snapback by pulling out of the nuclear deal.

“The U.S. is not a participant of the JCPOA and has no right to trigger the so-called snapback mechanism, and its arbitrary interpretation of resolution 2231 cannot change this reality,” Iranian Ambassador Majid Takht Ravanchi said. “We are of the firm conviction that the letter sent by the U.S. today to the Security Council’s president and all the references therein is null and void and has no legal standing.”

The Iranian envoy pointed to the council’s Aug. 14 vote, in which only the Dominican Republic supported the U.S. push for extending the arms embargo against Iran, as showing scant desire to back Pompeo’s demand for a snapback of sanctions.

“It was a disaster. It was really something that the U.S. should have avoided because that was a clear case of isolation at the international level,” Ravanchi said of the vote’s tally of two in favor, two against and 11 abstentions. “So the permanent member of the Security Council is acting like a child who is being ridiculed by the other members of the international community.”

Pompeo, for his part, thanked the Dominican Republic for standing with the U.S. in that vote and said Germany, France and the United Kingdom — all three members of the Security Council and signatories to the JCPOA — had assured him privately that, despite their own abstentions, they did not want to see the arms embargo against Iran expire.

“And yet today, in the end, they provided no alternatives, no options,” Pompeo said of Washington’s three European allies. “Instead, they chose to side with the ayatollahs. Their actions endanger the people of Iraq, of Yemen, of Lebanon, Syria and indeed their own citizens as well.”

Pompeo insisted the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear deal has no bearing on its status as a participant in what he called “a political agreement” and that what matters is the language in the U.N. resolution.

“It says this set of states has the right to execute snapback. That’s not conditioned on any other activity,” Pompeo explained. “It doesn’t require compliance. It just says these countries can execute snapback. It’s very plain. It’s very simple.”

Other key members of the Security Council disagreed. One of Russia’s top diplomats on Thursday called the U.S. push to reimpose sanctions on Iran “absurd.”

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov was quoted by Reuters as telling Russian news agencies that the U.S. has no legal or political grounds to reimpose sanctions and that attempting to do so would lead to a Security Council crisis.

And the foreign ministers of the three European nations on the council declared in a joint statement sent to NPR that they too oppose Washington’s claimed right to invoke a snapback of sanctions.

“France, Germany and the United Kingdom note that the US ceased to be a participant to the JCPOA following their withdrawal from the deal on May 8, 2018,” the trio of foreign ministers wrote after Pompeo’s presentation at the United Nations of the letters meant to initiate the snapback process. “We cannot therefore support this action which is incompatible with our current efforts to support the JCPOA.”

Even John Bolton, the former national security adviser who had urged President Trump to quit the nuclear deal, endorsed the contention by the agreement’s backers that the U.S. lacks legal standing after having withdrawn from the deal.

“They’re right,” Bolton wrote Sunday in a Wall Street Journal op-ed. “It’s too cute by half to say we’re in the nuclear deal for purposes we want but not for those we don’t. That alone is sufficient reason not to trigger the snapback process.”

One expert on U.N. Security Council procedures noted that a resolution calling for the continued lifting of U.N. sanctions on Iran would likely be introduced in the next 30 days, and that it could be vetoed by the United States.

“You can have a resolution — it’s just never acted on,” said Columbia Law School adjunct professor Larry Johnson, a former assistant secretary-general for legal affairs at the United Nations. “Every meeting begins with, ‘Here is the proposed provisional agenda,’ and that has to be adopted by nine yes votes. So if they don’t adopt it, the meeting ends and that’s the end of it. Finished.”

Or, Johnson added, the Security Council could avoid a U.S. veto of a resolution extending the sanctions relief by considering a vote on the matter procedural — and procedural votes by the council “are not subject to a veto.”

But America’s top diplomat is confident the U.N.’s suspended sanctions against Iran will soon snap back.

“These U.N. Security Council resolutions will come back into place 31 days from now,” Pompeo predicted to reporters Thursday, “and the United States will vigorously enforce them.”

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China sanctions

China sanctions 11 US citizens including Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz – The Guardian

China has placed sanctions on 11 US citizens, including legislators and the heads of several US-based non-governmental organisations, in the latest tit-for-tat measure over a national security law im…
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Pompeo sanctions

Pompeo: All Iran sanctions waivers covering nuclear projects are ending – Fox News

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced Wednesday the U.S. will end all sanction waivers that allowed Chinese, European and Russian companies to work with Iranian nuclear sites without coming under U.S. sanctions.

“Today, I am ending the sanctions waiver for JCPOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action]-related projects in Iran, effective in 60 days,” Pompeo said in a Tweet Wednesday. “Iran’s continued nuclear escalation makes clear this cooperation must end. Further attempts at nuclear extortion will only bring greater pressure on the regime.”

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The United Nations Security Council has argued the JCPOA was necessary to ensure nuclear nonproliferation in Iran and to stabilize the region as a whole. The waivers allowed other countries and companies to work with Iran to modify the existing nuclear facilities and ensure compliance with nuclear nonproliferation strategies.

But the administration believed Iran was ramping up its nuclear proliferation efforts.

“The regime’s nuclear extortion will lead to increased pressure on Iran and further isolate the regime from the international community,” Pompeo said in a statement Wednesday.

Nonproliferation experts believe that by removing the waivers, Iran will have a greater ability to enrich its nuclear program.

Kelsey Davenport, director for nonproliferation with policy at the Arms Control Association, wrote in a tweet, “Ending waivers for cooperative projects jeopardizes US nonproliferation priorities & hands Iran a justification to ratchet up certain nuclear activities limited by the #IranDeal.” ​​​​

POMPEO ACCUSES IRAN OF ECHOING ‘HITLER’S CALL FOR GENOCIDE’ OVER ‘FINAL SOLUTION’ RHETORIC

“The Iranian regime has continued its nuclear brinkmanship by expanding proliferation-sensitive activities,” Pompeo said.

“These escalatory actions are unacceptable and I cannot justify renewing the waiver for these JCPOA-related activities as a result.”

The projects no longer covered by the sanction waivers are the “Arak reactor conversion, the provision of enriched uranium for the Tehran Research Reactor, and the export of Iran’s spent and scrap research reactor fuel,” outlined Pompeo Wednesday.

GOP member of Congress were quick to congratulate the administration on their decision.

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“Today the administration took a critical step toward tearing up the catastrophic Obama-Iran nuclear deal once and for all,” Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, wrote in a tweet Wednesday. “For too long the Ayatollah has exploited these civil nuclear waivers to build up Iran’s nuclear programs, with the intention of eventually developing nuclear weapons to inflict destruction on America and our allies.”

Since President Trump pulled out of the Iran Nuclear Deal in May 2018, sanctions were imposed as a part of a “maximum pressure” campaign and the waivers were reviewed every 60 days.

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International companies supporting the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant have been granted a 90-day extension before U.S. sanctions go into effect.

“We will continue to closely monitor all developments in Iran’s nuclear program and can modify this waiver at any time,” Pompeo warned.

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